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Livingston Survey

As of November 2019, all Livingston Excel files are now in .xlxs format. We have also changed all variable names for the Livingston forecasts. Please see the documentation for further details.

The Livingston Survey was started in 1946 by the late columnist Joseph Livingston. It is the oldest continuous survey of economists' expectations. It summarizes the forecasts of economists from industry, government, banking, and academia. The Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia took responsibility for the survey in 1990.

The Livingston Survey's web page offers the actual releases, documentation, mean and median forecasts of all the respondents as well as the individual responses from each economist. The individual responses are kept confidential by using identification numbers.

Recent Releases Last update: June 12, 2020 at 10:00 a.m. ET

Historical Data

  • Data Files: Separate files containing the mean, median, and individual forecasts, as well as the measures of cross-sectional dispersion.
  • Errata: PDF Shows corrections to the historical data.


Next Release Date

The next release date is
Friday, December 18, 2020, at 10:00 a.m. ET.

The complete list of release dates is also available.

Archived Surveys

View previous releases of the Livingston Survey going back to 1991.

All surveys are in PDF format.


For additional information about the survey, send e-mail to: phil.liv@phil.frb.org. E-mail