Affordable Housing

Affordability and Availability of Rental Housing in the Third Federal Reserve District: 2015

The demand for rental housing has greatly surpassed the supply of available units in the Third District. As a result, rents have increased sharply, and a rising share of low-income households is straining to pay housing costs.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Annie E. Casey Foundation Initiative Combines Employer Engagement and Positive Youth Development Strategies



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Apprenticeships and Their Potential in the U.S.



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Are Tax Incentives the Answer to More Job Creation?

Local governments that compete for jobs by offering incentives to businesses for locating to their cities or states cost U.S. taxpayers an estimated $70 billion annually. Yet these governments frequently miss attracting the real job creators in the U.S. economy — new and young firms.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

At the Intersection of Education and Employment

Research is showing that stronger connections must be made between high school and post-secondary education or employment, especially for young adults who are neither in school or employed. Some programs are bridging that gap.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Barclaycard US Apprenticeship Program in Delaware Enters Fourth Year



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Building a Modern, Inclusive Economic Development Plan



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Building an Inclusive, Transformative Economy



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Building Opportunities and Skills for a Growing Digital Workforce



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Coalition Helps Returning Citizens Move from Corrections to Communities

Once released from prisons, ex-offenders face unemployment, financial stress, and a lack of adequate housing. A coalition in Lancaster County, PA, works to help “returning citizens” find employment, job training, and housing to reduce the likelihood of recidivism.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Creating Summer and Year-round Employment Opportunities for High School Students



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Creating Workforce Development Programs for High School Students



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Deep Tax Incentives Fuel $1 Billion in New Development in Allentown, PA: Four Perspectives



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Early Childhood Programs with High Returns on Investment



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Economic and Social Impact of Introducing Casino Gambling: A Review and Assessment of the Literature



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Equitable Development: Advancing Opportunity Through Stronger Local Economies

A webinar brings together community development experts to discuss programs and incentives that can connect economic growth with underserved communities in cities such as Pittsburgh and Lancaster, PA.

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Equitable Economic Development Conference



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Fiscal Stress in the Small Postindustrial City: Causes, Consequences, and Implications for Community Development



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FRS Bibliography

FRS Bibliography



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Affordable Housing

Gentrification and Changes in the Stock of Low-Cost Rental Housing in Philadelphia, 2000–2014

Research into Philadelphia housing trends show gentrifying neighborhoods lost low-cost rental units at nearly five times the rate of nongentrifying neighborhoods.

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Affordable Housing

Gentrification and Residential Mobility in Philadelphia

Research shows that vulnerable residents are generally no more likely to move from gentrifying neighborhoods compared with their counterparts in nongentrifying neighborhoods. But when they do move, they are more likely to land in lower-income neighborhoods, putting them at a greater disadvantage.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

High School Dropout Reengagement 



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Identifying Opportunity Occupations in the Nation's Largest Metropolitan Economies



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Immigrant Integration: An Economic Development Strategy

The panel session from the 2016 Reinventing Our Communities conference explains the process of immigrant integration. When cities and communities are able to harness the skills and energy that immigrants bring with them, both newcomers and the community benefit.

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Job Creation & Economic Development

Immigrant Integration as an Economic Development Strategy



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

In Philadelphia’s Shadow: Small Cities in the Third Federal Reserve District



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Intermediaries Play Key Role in Expanding Apprenticeships



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Investing to Create Good Jobs

This report profiles three investors who are at the forefront of making investments with the “intentionality” of creating good jobs. “Impact investing” is a case of doing good while also doing well.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Investments in Young Children Yield High Public Returns



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Leading Inclusive Growth: A Meeting with the Mayors

When it comes to promoting economic mobility, city mayors are leading the charge. Mayors, including James Kenney of Philadelphia and Dana Redd of Camden, NJ, discuss the challenges of urban poverty and programs that are succeeding.

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Job Creation & Economic Development

Measuring the Quality, Not Quantity, of Job Creation



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Affordable Housing

Mortgage Origination and Servicing Issues Affecting Low- and Moderate-Income Homeowners

A Philadelphia Fed-sponsored symposium brings together experts on housing and mortgages to discuss the challenges that low- and moderate-income households face in achieving homeownership.

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Neighborhood and Life Chances: How Place Matters in Modern America



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Ohio Funders Promote Collaboration on Economic Development and Opportunity



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Out of the Shadow: Strategies for Change in Small Postindustrial Cities



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Pre-K Debate Shifts from Effectiveness to Scale

Research has long shown that quality pre-kindergarten classes strengthen academic performance later on. The question now is how to expand access and enrollment to pre-K classes, especially for low- and moderate-income children.

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Presidents’ Perspectives: The Fed’s Role in Our Communities



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Promising Approaches and Emerging Practices for Addressing Youth Unemployment

A conference at the Philadelphia Fed explores ways to bridge the gap from unemployment to work, especially for “disconnected” youths — those who are not working or in school. Topics include apprenticeships and strategies to reengage disconnected youths with education.

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Affordable Housing

Details about Rental Housing Affordability

This interactive data set provides details about housing affordability and availability according to household demographics and economic profiles for metropolitan areas and states in the Third District.

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Reversing the Cycle of Poverty

Where a poor family lives is just as important as how poor a family is. As poverty becomes more concentrated in certain U.S. localities, programs designed to assist low-income households must look at both the individual and spatial components of poverty.

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Revitalizing American Cities



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Revitalizing Commercial Corridors: Lessons from LISC MetroEdge



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Savings and Credit Building Can Be Integrated in Youth Employment Programs



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Small Businesses Report Better Financing Outcomes



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Small Legacy Cities, Equity, and a Changing Economy

In the northeastern U.S., many cities have suffered decades of business closings, job losses, and out-migration of residents. This paper examines how three cities in the Third District — Wilmington, DE, and Lancaster and Bethlehem, PA — reinvented themselves and now face the challenge of creating economic equity.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Strengthening Youth Employment Programs



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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Student Loan Trends in the Third Federal Reserve District



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

Tackling Inequality in Our Cities

Inequality is not just about income. It also affects educational outcomes, health status, and job opportunities, according to an official at the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Economic growth must include people from all walks of life.

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Job Creation & Economic Development

The Changing World of Small Business Finance



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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

The Enduring Challenge of Concentrated Poverty: Case Studies from Communities Across the U.S.



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Job Creation & Economic Development

The Rise and Fall of Philadelphia’s Commercial Corridors

Commercial corridors rise and fall with their neighborhoods. Corridor merchants must work together to ensure a vibrant commercial area, but that strategy means some shop owners may face the “tragedy of the commons.”

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Inclusive Growth & Poverty

The Role of Anchor Institutions in Transforming Economies



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Job Creation & Economic Development

Uneven Opportunity: Exploring Employers’ Educational Preferences for Middle-Skilled Jobs

This paper seeks to understand why employers’ preferences for college-educated candidates vary dramatically across U.S. metropolitan areas. The highest education requirements were found in the Northeast and in high-wage metropolitan areas.

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Human Capital & Workforce Development

Workforce Development: Engaging Employers

A panel discussion from the 2016 Reinventing Our Communities conference explores the challenges of helping young job seekers gain the skills they need and how to engage employers to “listen and adapt” to a changing workforce.

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Our Experts

Eileen Divringi


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Our Experts

Keith Wardrip


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Our Experts
Our Experts

Noelle St.Clair


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Our Experts

Sydney K. Diavua


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Our Experts

Theresa Y. Singleton


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